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Biomass Potential

Myanmar is agricultural country and fuel wood is 68% power share as of 2001 to 2009. The government of Myanmar aims to reduce it to 50% by 2030. In term of biomass potential for biogasification, the Department of Research and Innovation approximately estimated wood potential of 19.12 ton. Apart from wood potential, energy potential from the agricultural residue also is significant concern for energy generation from biomass resource. The most recent estimate of biomass energy in Myanmar as reported by Stich et al. and is regenerated in Fig. 1. The estimated total annual available energy from residue is 95 TWh. These results indicate that Myanmar has significant amount of biomass energy potential which is comparable to other renewable energy resources and also biomass resources in ASEAN counterparts.

Figure 1. Available Energy by Residue in Myanmar

Installed Capacity of Biomass

Figure 2 shows current installed capacity of biomass gasifier and rice mills which are powered by small scale gasifier. It must be also noted here that installed capacity are only available for gasifier which is used for power generation. Capacity of small gasifiers which are used for powering small rice mills are not known but only the number of rice mill in different region of Myanmar is known. Total installed capacity of biomass gasifier is 8 MW and it is the lowest among four sectors. Compared to estimated potential of 95 TWh, install capacity far very low and hence proper policy and action plans are necessary to drive for faster deployment of biomass energy.

Figure 2. Installed capacity of biomass energy and rice mill powered by gasifier

Figure 3. Installed and planned capacity of four main renewable energy resources/p>

Critical Dimensions

Figure 4 shows the results of respondents’ perception on the current status of important multidimensional factors for the deployment of biomass energy. As seen in the figure, similar to wind and solar energy, for the biomass energy development, existing policy and regulatory framework are not sufficient since the result is lower than 50%/ Research, infrastructure and human resources, technological and economic factors are second critical factor to be improved for deployment of biomass energy. Social and environmental factors have yet to be improved also since their results are 64%.

Figure 4.Response to readiness for biomass energy deployment

Proposed Driving Factors to be considered in Renewable Energy Policy

Fig. 5 shows responses on the importance of driving factors for biomass energy in Myanmar. As seen in the figure, the ratings for all driving factors are very strong with over 75% . Therefore, all driving factors in the figure are needed to be considered in the policy actions for deployment of biomass energy in Myanmar.

Figure 1. Available Energy by Residue in Myanmar

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